Christoph Scherrer, Katja Radon (Eds.):
Occupational Safety and Health Challenges in Southern Agriculture
Labor and Globalization, edited by Christoph Scherrer, Volume 15,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, Augsburg, München 2019, 195 S.,
ISBN 978-3-95710-247-8 (print), € 24.80
Occupational safety and health (OSH) is a core element of the ILO’s Decent Work Agenda. Despite hazardous working conditions in agriculture, unfortunately, OSH issues in agriculture are frequently ignored. This volume’s contributions from Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Ghana, India, Nicaragua, and Pakistan as well as from various disciplines highlight
· the prevalent patriarchal norms and practices which expose women to more health risks;
· the lack of training and education which leave smallholders and farm workers frequently unaware of the health hazards involved in handling machinery and pesticides;
· the lack of protective gear and access to health services among smallholders;
· the undermining of OSH standards by the competitive pressures of global supply chains on their participants;
· the restriction of certifications’ impact mostly to higher hygiene standards.
Key words: Occupational safety and health, agriculture, smallholders, farm workers, Global South
Walter Tenfelde (ed.):
Entrepreneurship, Small Business and Education in Developing Economies. Contextual Elements and Practical Examples
Entrepreneurship plays an important role in developing a new theory of economics and creating new economic activities. It refers to ambitions of innovation, investment in new products, services, technologies and an active expansion in new markets. The authors of this edited volume picture their entrepreneurial ambitions by describing contextual elements of entrepreneurship and small enterprises as productive agents of entrepreneurial economy. They illustrate, how entrepreneurship can turn from general principles to positive development cooperation in developing countries and transition economies.
Practical examples are: Educational work with African girls in Tanzania by topics of gender equality, intimate hygiene and building up self-confidence by doing sports; ideas of supporting community based tourism in Oman by entrepreneurial enterprises that offer excursions for high-end-tourists into the country's beautiful nature and world cultural heritage, manufacturing a bamboo solar bike in Vietnam and first steps of founding small companies; an incubator project for transferring university knowledge directly to business process re-engineering in Cuba.
The edited volume offers an introduction to requirements, forms of transaction and the practice of entrepreneurial creation of an innovative draft of social and economic development cooperation in developing countries and transition economies.
Key words: social entrepreneurship, value oriented innovation, transformational economy, institutional economy, Akosha, city traffic, sustainable manufacturing, community based tourism, business incubator, academic services to business sector, effectuation principals of learning
The Implementation of International and European Occupational Safety and Health Standards into the National Legislation of Ukraine
Labor and Globalization, edited by Christoph Scherrer, Volume 13,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, Augsburg, München 2018, 320 S., € 29.80
ISBN 978-3-86618-898-3 (print), € 29.80
In this book, Kateryna Yarmolyuk-Kröck examines the implementation and application of international law in Ukraine. In particular, the analysis is centered on the occupational safety and health (OSH) instruments of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) as well as the European Union (EU) OSH directives and their conformity with national legal provisions. The book offers a thorough assessment of the ongoing legal reforms in Ukraine in the process of European integration and the legal nature of the EU-Ukraine relationship, including Ukraine’s obligation to bring its national legislation in line with the EU acquis communautaire under the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement of 2014. Further, the author assesses the role and scope of labour inspection under the national legislation and the ILO instruments and the practice of the Ukrainian judiciary in the application of international standards. This study thus contributes to ongoing discussion on the implementation of international law into national legislation, the effective application of international standards by domestic courts, and the extension of the influence of the EU law on the legislation of non-Member States.
Key words: international labour standards, implementation, occupational safety and health, labour inspection, EU-Ukraine Association Agreement
Max J. Zenglein:
Institutional Framework and Dysfunctionality of the Transitional Chinese Wage Bargaining Regime
Labor and Globalization, edited by Christoph Scherrer, Volume 14,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, Augsburg, München 2018, 225 S., € 24.80
ISBN 978-3-86618-899-0 (print), € 24.80
This book examines the institutional building blocks of China’s transitional wage bargaining regime taking into account the macroeconomic and political framework. Special attention is paid to the more volatile institutional setting in emerging economies. The approach enables an evaluation of the how China’s wage determination mechanism is developing.
China’s economic reform process launched in 1978 had far reaching consequences on the institutional setting of its economic system. This resulted in substantial re-arrangement of its industrial relations. In an attempt to better understand the changes, this book draws on extensive empirical data, including a case study of wage developments at German companies in China and an analysis of the macroeconomic functionality of Chinese wage bargaining system according to the Keynesian paradigm focusing on inflation, nominal wage growth, productivity as well as the development of consumption demand and wage dispersion.
The analysis suggests that the functionality of the Chinese wage bargaining system performs poorly and that the current transitional system lacks a strong institutional structure. Although China’s current wage bargaining system has seen some elements of strengthening its institutional structure, particularly in the area of more coordination, its design remains subordinate to the Communist Party of China’s primary goal of defending an authoritarian one-party rule. Under these conditions China is unlikely to establish a more functional wage bargaining regime.
Key words: China, industrial relations, economic systems, institutional economics, wage bargaining, wage determination, emerging economies
The Implementation of Competitor Intelligence: Conceptual Foundations and Empirical Analyses
Competitor Intelligence (CI), a well-established practitioner field, is crucial to the long-term performance of any company in today’s globalized economy. While the practical managerial importance of CI is high, it has received less recognition in academic circles. By providing an in-depth analysis of current practitioner views on CI, this book aims to redress the balance. It determines that managers who understand the markets as networks view and utilize its implications in their daily decision-making should see CI and the information they gain from this in a different light: suggesting opportunities for cooperation with competitors rather than confrontation. Whether via mergers and acquisitions or joint ventures, the book posits this change to a more cooperative mindset as a potential first step towards improving the use of insights gained through CI. This change in mindset would be particularly useful in cases where managers apply the framework of facilitators or challenges associated with implementing a global CI system also introduced in this book, which shows that setting up such a system not only requires considerable financial, human, informational and organizational resources but also necessitates thorough planning and preparation prior to any implementation as well as constant commitment from top management once it is in place. While this framework provides the set up to help managers implement a sound CI system on an organizational level, the book also considers the style in which CI is managed. It is shown that the style chosen can determine both the effectiveness of CI implementation and its outcomes. The book builds upon this finding by developing a taxonomy to help support managers in selecting the right CI implementation style so they can achieve the desired outcomes.
Key words: Competitor Analysis, Competitor Intelligence, Competitive Intelligence, Global B2B Marketing, Competitor Orientation, Competitive Intelligence Implementation
ElKhider Ali Musa Farah:
Saudi Businesswomen. Personal Characteristics, Achievements, and Challenges Ahead
This research looks into some of the personal characteristics of 32 Saudi businesswomen based in Riyadh and Kharj. The research also investigates the challenges they faced when they started up their business, the social and cultural challenges and the problems of access to capital they had to cope with. All in all, the study has revealed a nucleus of Saudi businesswomen who are self-confident and prepared to take business risks much the same as their male counterparts. It is beyond doubt that these businesswomen still face gender-specific challenges posed by the government’s regulations on business start-ups. Symbolic government restrictions on travel abroad are still there in line with Sharia principles. But government ban on driving is now a thing of the past and more Saudi women are taking to the streets. In view of the promotion policies of the government, women pressure groups and activists, the number and the scope of economic activities of businesswomen is now growing rapidly. Family support and society’s positive attitudes to women going into business have been a great asset in all this. With government emphasis on future role of women in economic and social development of the country in line with Vision 2030, Saudi businesswomen will certainly face the few remaining challenges in future.
Key words: businesswomen, entrepreneurship, vision, finance, characteristics, regulations, challenges, business, socio-cultural, attitudes, restrictions, gender-specific, feminization, labor, Saudization, gap, traits
Christa Larsen, Sigrid Rand, Alfons Schmid, Andrew Dean (Eds.):
Developing Skills in a Changing World of Work: Concepts, Measurement and Data Applied in Regional and Local Labour Market Monitoring Across Europe
The world of work is changing fundamentally and quickly as a result of technological transformation, demographic development and globalisation. The contributions in the anthology show for ten European countries that not only do the degree and speed vary significantly between occupations, sectors and firm types – the changes take on diverse forms in different geographical locations. Labour market actors at regional and local level need to know which skills, competences and know-how are required from the labour force so that they can set up their strategies in line with the future developments.
Regional and local labour market observatories, which are established in over 550 regions and localities in Europe already, can provide significant support in these processes as they have far-reaching experiences with applying a wide variety of methods to collecting, analysing and combining data. Furthermore, they are embedded in regional/local networks of labour market actors and actively contribute to shaping regional strategy processes evidence-based labour market policies.
The contributions demonstrate from different perspectives the approaches to skills and competence monitoring applied in various European regions and localities. In particular, the authors focus on the methods and sources of data and information, implemented instruments, resulting strategy-building and role of observatories in these processes. The compilation of approaches offers an overview of the state-of-the art in labour market monitoring, which can be used for building up skills and competence monitoring frameworks at regional and local level.
Key words: skills, competences, skills and competence requirements, regional and local labour markets, evidence-based policy-making, labour market monitoring, applied labour market research, labour market observatories
Transnational migration and international labor solidarity. On migrant union members’ impact on unions’ cross-border work
Labor and Globalization, edited by
Christoph Scherrer, Volume 12
Rainer Hampp Verlag, Augsburg, München 2018, 365 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-897-6 (print), € 32.80
This book sheds light on the role that migrant union members and their transnational connections play in unions´ cross-border work.
By bringing together concepts from (international labor) solidarity theory and transnational migration research, it shows that migrants organized in labor unions and their manifold cross-border ties and networks, transnational ways of belonging, and the social remittances and cultural knowledge they bring, can help overcome some major obstacles to international labor solidarity.
Based on exploratory empirical research in two very different US labor unions with large migrant memberships – the United Service Workers West (USWW) local of the Service Employees International Union (SEIU) in California and United Steelworkers (USW) District 7 in Illinois and Indiana –, the book shows that migrants and their transnational connections can: (1) promote international solidarity where it did not exist before; (2) contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of unionism and solidarity that includes political and social justice goals, including abroad; and (3) promote a practical solidarity work including the rank and file, and thereby the development of a sense of togetherness of workers across borders.
Key words: solidarity theory, international solidarity, transnational migration, labor unions, social remittances, transnational ways of belonging, transnational migrant organizations, transnational networks, perceived community of fate, exploratory research
Christoph Scherrer, Santosh Verma (Eds.):
Decent Work Deficits in Southern Agriculture: Measurements, Drivers and Strategies
Labor and Globalization, edited by Christoph Scherrer, Volume 11,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, Augsburg, München 2018, 340 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-896-9 (print), € 32.80
Up to 60 percent of the Global South’s work force toils in agriculture. Most smallholders and waged agricultural workers labor under poor health, safety and environmental conditions. This volume explores
· the extent of the decent work deficit with a focus on women in agriculture
· the drivers of the poor remuneration and working conditions
· some strategies for mitigating the decent work deficits.
Its contributors argue that the severity of the decent work deficits in agriculture calls for action. Given the divers contexts of agricultural work and the many factors reproducing the deficits, action is needed in a comprehensive as well as context-specific form.
The contributors are academics from Brazil, Columbia, Germany, Ghana, India, Mexico and Pakistan.
Keywords: employment in agriculture, smallholders, landless workers, labor rights, food regime.
Desmond Tutu Ayentimi:
Multinationals’ HRM policies and practices: Do national institutions in less developed countries really matter?
Schriftenreihe Internationale Personal- und Strategieforschung,
hrsg. von Marion Festing und Susanne Royer, Band 15
Rainer Hampp Verlag, Augsburg, München 2018, 194 S.
ISBN 978-3-95710-206-5 (print), € 24.80
ISBN 978-3-95710-306-2 (e-book pdf), € 22.99
Institutional theory claims that organizations interested in gaining legitimacy might have to adapt to the regulatory, cognitive and normative practices that reflect a host-country institutional environment. This book presents a study that draws on the theoretical lens of new institutionalism perspective to explore how the coercive (regulatory), cognitive (culture) and normative institutional settings of a less developed host-country impact MNE subsidiaries’ HRM practice configurations as well as HRM practice transfer. The study found constraints within the host-country educational and training arrangements, delays with the operation of the legal system, labour market constraints, cultural barriers as well as economic instability and political actors’ intrusion as institutional drivers influencing MNE subsidiaries’ HRM polices and practice configurations. This study adds to MNEs’ HRM practice transfer debate by highlighting the significance of the cognitive and normative institutional settings in LDCs as host-country institutional impediments to MNEs’ HRM practice diffusion and acknowledges greater flexibility within the regulatory system as a source of receptiveness for MNEs’ HRM practice diffusion.
Key words: International HRM, multinational enterprises, institutional theory, local isomorphism, Ghana, HRM practices, case study
Christa Larsen, Sigrid Rand, Alfons Schmid, Tilman
Nagel, Heike Hoess (Eds.):
The Importance of Governance in Regional Labour Market Monitoring for Evidence-based Policy-making
Information resulting from the monitoring of labour markets is an important source for evidence-based policy-making. However, local and regional labour market observatories often find it difficult to impart their information and knowledge to decision-makers so that it can be incorporated into the policy-making process. This anthology explores the mechanisms, which ensure the relevance of labour market information for policy-makers on the regional and local level. It presents cases of regional and local labour market observatories that have been successful in transferring their monitoring information into policy-making. In the descriptions of the cases, concepts from governance research are used to analyse how the successful connections between data provision and evidence-based policy-making are implemented.
Key words: governance, evidence-based policy-making, regional and local labour markets, labour market monitoring, applied labour market research
The Ends of Union Solidarity: Undocumented Labor and German Trade Unions
Labor and Globalization, edited by
Christoph Scherrer, Vol. 10,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, Augsburg, München 2017, 245 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-895-2 (print), € 27.80
Unionists part ways when it comes to the practical meaning of solidarity with workers who lack work permits. To some union members, undocumented migrant workers ought to be included in the bonds of union solidarity by virtue of being workers. To others, undocumented migrant workers are primarily illegal and unfair competitors undermining existing institutions of solidarity. In this controversial context, six union centers for undocumented migrant workers called MigrAr (German ‘Migration & Arbeit’, English ‘migration & labor’) have been established by labor activists since 2008.
Building on an activist ethnography in the MigrAr center in Berlin from 2011 to 2015, this investigation charts the challenges of this center to bring unions to adopt a more proactive and inclusive approach towards illegalized migrant workers. In the analysis, the research critically engages Jürgen Habermas's concept of solidarity and its premise of symmetrical relationships. To account for the uneven constellation of support between MigrAr activists and undocumented migrant workers, the study advances an alternative understanding of union solidarity.
Addressing labor activists and scholars in the social sciences, this book gives detailed insights in a controversial field of union activism in Germany. This study contributes to a rethinking of union solidarity under current dynamics of migration.
Key words: solidarity, undocumented labor, undocumented migration, trade union, labor movement, labor rights, Habermas, Germany, sociology, activist ethnography, worker centers
Christoph Scherrer (Ed.):
Enforcement Instruments for Social Human Rights along Supply Chains
Labor and Globalization, edited by
Christoph Scherrer, Volume 9
Rainer Hampp Verlag, Augsburg, München 2017, 215 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-894-5 (print), € 29.80
conditions are prevalent in the labor-intensive segments of global supply
chains. Pronouncements by governments and corporations that claim to address
the plight of workers are plentiful, but the enforcement of social and human
rights is lacking. This volume explores the possibilities for better enforcement
- providing a general overview of the currently considered enforcement instruments;
- identifying governmental instruments that are yet to be employed;
- assessing the effectiveness of social chapters in international trade agreements;
- discussing the concept of corporate due diligence proposed by the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights.
In sum, the volume shows that many instruments are available to the hands of governments but as long as the political will to make effective use of them is lacking, the enforcement of human rights along the supply chain remains unacceptably deficient. The contributors are Stefan Beck (Kassel), Madelaine Moore (Kassel), Christian Scheper (Duisburg) and Alison Schultz (Kassel).
Key words: social human rights, core labor rights, corporate responsibilities, trade agreements, Germany
Dirk Holtbrügge & Helmut Haussmann (Eds.):
The Internationalization of Firms. Case Studies from the Nürnberg Metropolitan Region
zum Internationalen Management,
hrsg. von Dirk Holtbrügge und Helmut Haussmann, Band 7,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, Augsburg, München 2017, 2. Aufl., 267 S.,
ISBN 978-3-95710-098-6 (print), € 24.80
ISBN 978-3-95710-198-3 (e-book pdf), € 22.99
The Nürnberg Metropolitan Region is one of the most powerful economic regions in Europe. Several large and renowned multinational corporations, as well as many impressive family-owned firms and hidden champions, have their headquarters here.
This volume contains 17 case studies of companies based in this region and their international operations. The scope reaches from the early internationalization strategies of the Tucher in the Middle Ages to the consequences of the Brexit on current business activities. The case studies cover an extensive range of industries, from high-tech and industrial sectors to service providers, non-profit organizations and university spin-offs.
Keywords: Market Entry Strategies, International Human Resource Management, Corporate Social Responsibility, Case Studies
International management research has a long tradition in Nürnberg. At the Nürnberg School of Commerce, the predecessor of the School of Business and Economics at the Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg, dealing with international business activities already played a strong role. Eventually, the school would become one of the first in the German-speaking countries where a Chair for International Management was founded. With 30% of all students coming from abroad, the school presents a strong degree of internationalization. Furthermore, research in the field of international management enjoys an outstanding reputation. With the Nürnberg Edition on International Management, we would like to build on this longstanding tradition and present the latest research findings to academics, students and practitioners.
Leveraging Social Capital for Knowledge Development in Clusters
Schriftenreihe Internationale Personal- und Strategieforschung,
hrsg. von Marion Festing und Susanne Royer, Band 14
Rainer Hampp Verlag, Augsburg, München 2017, 216 S.,
ISBN 978-3-95710-090-0 (print), € 24.80
ISBN 978-3-95710-190-7 (e-book pdf), € 22.99
Paradoxically, in a time of information technology and high labour mobility, location still matters for firms. Clusters can be the source of advantages for those firms located within the cluster as well as for the entire region. This book presents a study exploring how social capital is leveraged for the transfer, sharing and spillover of knowledge to achieve competitive advantage in clusters. A resource based perspective on clusters was adopted, focussing on the interplay of the two intangible resources social capital and knowledge. A case study explored an Australian biotechnology cluster. Results revealed that the different dimensions of social capital drive knowledge development in distinct ways and that cluster management plays a crucial role. From a theoretical perspective, this research makes a valuable contribution by showing that the overlap of the three theoretical streams knowledge, social capital and clusters can be drawn on to explain how competitive advantage is created in clusters.
Key words: Clusters, Knowledge, Social Capital, Competitive Advantage, Resources, Biotechnology, Case Study
Oksana Balashova, Ismail Doga Karatepe, Aishah
Where have all the classes gone? A critical perspective on struggles and collective action
Labor and Globalization, edited by
Christoph Scherrer, Volume 8
Rainer Hampp Verlag, Augsburg, München 2017, 300 S.
ISBN 978-3-86618-893-8 (print), € 29.80
Numerous uprisings and social movements in recent decades sprawled in seemingly disconnected political landscapes, from Turkey to Brazil, from South Africa to China, from Argentina to Portugal. These social protests centered on issues as varied as the right to affordable transportation, land dispossession or minority rights. The place of the working class in them seemed increasingly insignificant, and the framework of class analysis outdated. But did the concept of class really become obsolete? Are these social protests as disconnected as they seem?
“Where have all the classes gone? A critical perspective on struggles and collective action” is a book that aims to demonstrate the continuing relevance of class analysis in the study of social movements. Grounded in rich empirical data, it captures class-relevant aspects of multiple case studies of social movements, uprisings and resistances across different spatial contexts.
Key words: Class analysis, collective action, resistances in urban and rural spaces, critical approach
Editors: Oksana Balashova, Ismail Doga Karatepe and Aishah Namukasa are PhD fellows at the International Center for Development and Decent Work (ICDD) at Kassel University, Germany.
Handling the clash between production & consumption. A situated view on front-line service workers’ competencies in interactive service
Empirische Personal- und Organisationsforschung,
hrsg. von Dorothea Alewell, Rüdiger Kabst, Albert Martin, Wenzel Matiaske, Werner Nienhüser, Florian Schramm, Wolfgang Weber, Band 55,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München u. Mering 2016, 192 S.,
ISBN 978-3-95710-064-1 (print), € 24.80
ISBN 978-3-95710-164-8 (e-book pdf), € 22.99
The majority of the workforce is currently employed in the service industry where many employees are involved in daily face-to-face service interactions with customers. At the same time, these direct customer interactions are increasingly put under pressure for example, in traditional retailing by alternative distribution channels. Nevertheless, whenever an essential part of a business-model’s value-creation process builds on interactive service work, both front-line service workers and customers are forced to mutually work together in service interactions.
The present study shows the tensions front-line service workers face between demands for cost-efficiency on the one hand and customer service on the other. Although these two rationalities do not necessarily contradict each other on an organizational level, individual front-line service workers face these contradictions in the form of challenging tensions in every day interactions with customers. Building on rich and comprehensive observational and interview data from the retail sales floor, the interpretive research approach allows the analysis of the challenges of interactive service work and carves out the corresponding competencies to handle the clash between production and consumption which manifest in service interactions. Drawing on Convention Theory (“Économie des conventions”), the situation as unit of analysis becomes center stage. Convention Theory shows that not only are individual characteristics such as friendliness important for successful service interactions, but especially the competent interplay between individual resources and organizational settings within the situation of interaction is essential. The results shed new light on individuals’ contributions to successful service interactions and contributes to a more fine-grained picture of the challenges and competencies in interactive service work.
Key words: interactive service work, retail, competencies, Convention Theory, tensions
Case Study Research. Approaches, Methods, Contribution to Theory
hrsg. von Wenzel Matiaske, Martin Spieß et al., Band 12,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München u. Mering 2016, 229 S.,
ISBN 978-3-95710-075-7 (print), € 24.80
ISBN 978-3-95710-175-4 (e-book pdf), € 22.99
This book outlines the richness of case study approaches in their contribution to theory. It offers master and doctoral students a systematic overview of how to conduct case study research considering the variety of its approaches.
A continuum of theory is outlined in order to clarify the contribution of research designs to theory. Research topics, research questions, and the role of the theoretical and empirical state of the art are discussed. The conceptual framework is displayed as an orientation, guiding the study theoretically as well as methodologically.
The core of the book is the investigation into the main approaches of case study re-search. Exploratory, explanatory, constructivist, and extended case study approaches are outlined and compared. Commonalities and differences in data collection and data analysis within case study research are deepened.
Key words: Qualitative research, case study research, theory continuum, exploratory case study, explanatory case study, constructivist case study, extended case study
Christa Larsen, Sigrid Rand, Alfons Schmid, Päivi
Holopainen, Pirita Jokikaarre, Katri Kuusela, Niina Alapuranen (Eds.):
Digital (R)evolution and Its Effects on Labour: Opportunities and Challenges for Regional and Local Labour Market Monitoring
Megatrends such as demographic change, globalisation and digitalisation influence all societal spheres, be it the economy, labour market, education or culture. Consequently, it is important to estimate how strong these effects are and collect qualitative information on the nature of their impact. Whilst the effects of demographic change and globalisation have already been broadly discussed, changes resulting from digital transformation have scarcely been reflected upon systematically, especially in the case of labour markets. Against this background, the European Network on Regional Labour Market Monitoring (EN RLMM) has chosen the digital transformation of societies and economies and its effects on labour as its guiding theme for 2016. Together with the members of the network, we seek to present the state of the current knowledge, specify first action requests and options and capture the relevance of digital transformation for regional and local labour market monitoring.
The current anthology of the EN RLMM constitutes the first building block in this process: it brings together contributions discussing the effects of digital transformation on specific sectors and occupations as well as labour market target groups. Furthermore, it contains regional good practice examples describing and analysing the digital transformations of regions.
Key words: digitalisation, digital transformation, smart regional and local labour markets, smart labour market monitoring, applied labour market research, smart regional development
Christa Larsen, Sigrid Rand, Alfons Schmid, Mario
Mezzanzanica, Silvia Dusi (Eds.):
Big Data and the Complexity of Labour Market Policies: New Approaches in Regional and Local Labour Market Monitoring for Reducing Skills Mismatches
The experience of regional and local labour market observatories shows that information on some aspects of the labour market – such as the demand for skilled labour in certain sectors or spatial units – is difficult to obtain. In the recent years, ICT-related innovations have created new forms and types of data that can be used for enhancing the efficiency in several areas of economic activity. So far, the vast amount of unstructured data contained in the World Wide Web – Big Data – has been largely unexploited. However, as the available technology provides increasingly cost-effective solutions, it has become possible to provide services that have formerly been too expensive. Therefore, applying Big Data in labour market monitoring can provide innovative insights into the functioning of labour markets. Also the process data of Public Employment Services or Statistical Offices constitute a promising source of large amounts of data. The results of the analyses based on the different sources of data can be used to improve the efficiency of the labour market at large and the provision of services by governments and private enterprises.
However, the attempts to use Big Data in the context of labour market monitoring have been relatively rare so far, even though a growing interest can be observed among researchers and practitioners alike. Against this background, the issues of collecting, elaborating, analysing and disseminating the information available on the Web urgently needed to be addressed – as did the associated ethical and legal issues concerned with data ownership and protection. This year’s Anthology of the EN RLMM covers these issues from the viewpoint of labour market researchers and practitioners in labour market observatories from different European regions and localities. The contributions provide first insights into new models and tools of labour market monitoring based on the usage of Big Data.
Key words: Big Data, Big Data application, regional and local labour markets, labour market monitoring, applied labour market research
Trade Unions and Worker Representation in Ukraine
The disintegration of socialism that occurred across
Key words: trade unions, independent trade unions,
reformed trade unions, worker representation, Industrial Relations,
Christoph Scherrer (Ed.):
The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): Implications for Labor
Labor and Globalization, edited by Christoph Scherrer, Vol. 5,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München u. Mering 2014, 209 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-396-4, € 24.80
· providing an overall introduction to the TTIP negotiations;
· assessing the reliability of the studies claiming employment gains;
· highlighting specific problematic proposals such as the investor-to-state dispute settlement mechanism;
presenting the position of organized labor from both
sides of the
Among the contributors are Stefan Beck (
words: International trade, trade models, investment
protection, labor rights, employment,
Pursuing a Developmental State Trade Agenda in a Neo-Liberal Context:
Labor and Globalization, edited by
Christoph Scherrer, Volume 7,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München u. Mering 2014, 214 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-398-8, € 24.80
This book explains why it was possible for the
Worker’s Party (PT) in
Key words: Developmental state, political parties, trade policy
ElKhider Ali Musa:
Emerging Women Entrepreneurs in Sudan. Individual Characteristics, Obstacles and Empowerment
This research focuses on three issues: the personal characteristics and motivations of the female entrepreneurs of Sudan, how conducive is the business environment for the female entrepreneurs of Sudan in terms of availability of finance and supporting infrastructural services and the major constraints imposed by the society’s attitudes and government regulations on business start-up, taxes and labour that may still impede female entrepreneurs of Sudan. The study used survey methodology and the questionnaire research method to collect data from 142 female businesses of different sizes, in different geographical locations and in different industries. Businesswomen have immense problems accessing finance and many aspects of infrastructural services and government regulations on business start-up and taxes that are not business-friendly either. Unexpectedly, the research findings indicate society’s positive attitudes to businesswomen.
The study has made some recommendations including making microfinance initiative easily accessible, improving infrastructure, streamlining government regulations on starting-up business and licensing, introducing tax reforms and incentives, organizing businesswomen in the informal sector and enhancing businesswomen organizations’ relations with universities.
Key words: businesswomen, entrepreneurship, infrastructure, environment, microfinance, motivation, traits, culture, progress, prospects, taxes, regulations
Christa Larsen, Sigrid Rand, Alfons Schmid, Rolf Keil
Sustainable Economy and Sustainable Employment. Approaches to Measuring Sustainability in Regional and Local Labour Market Monitoring
In the past years, sustainability has again become a theme in both academic and political discourses. Even though they often focus on green(ing) jobs and skills as recently emerged policy fields, also the different aspects of sustainable employment are increasingly receiving attention. As the labour market observatories face the challenge of capturing the developments on the regional and local labour markets in regard to green jobs/skills and sustainable employment, the EN RLMM anthology seeks to clarify different conceptual and methodological issues with the aim to advance regional and local labour market monitoring efforts in this field. The publication focuses on monitoring approaches concerned with jobs and skills in the green(ing) sectors and sustainable employment on the level of European regions and localities. It is explored, how the above mentioned issues can be integrated in the continuously conducted regional and local labour market monitoring and how different stakeholders on the regional and local level can use the generated labour market data for their steering and strategy development activities.
Key words: sustainable economy, sustainable employment, green(ing) economy, green(ing) jobs and skills, regional and local labour market, labour market monitoring
Akua O Britwum and Sue Ledwith (Eds.):
Visibility and Voice for Union Women: Country case studies from Global Labour University researchers
Labor and Globalization, edited by
Christoph Scherrer, Vol. 4,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München u. Mering 2014, 339 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-395-7, € 32.80
A new collection of case
studies about gender and trade unions in nine countries, ranging from
Key words: Women, Gender Politics, Trade Union Leadership, International, Country Case Studies
Veerashekharappa, Meenakshi Rajeev, Soumitra Pramanik:
Reforming Cooperative Credit Structure in India for Financial Inclusion
Labor and Globalization, edited by
Christoph Scherrer, Volume 6,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München u. Mering 2014, 98 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-397-1, € 19.80
In the drive for financial inclusion in
The book examines the progress of this reform drive in
Key words: Short Term Cooperative Credit Societies, Vaidyanathan Committee Report, Primary Agriculture Credit Societies, Common Accounting System
Christian Scholz, Volker Stein (Eds.):
The Dean in the University of the Future
Doing research on the roles of the dean within the university governance is gaining momentum, since the deans are the critical success factors for the university: Deans contextualise – for the good or for the bad – the way faculties perform research and teaching. They are responsible for the survival of the faculty in the interplay of centralistic and collegial steering systems. Therefore, they need both a clear vision and a solid strategy.
The international academic
conference “The Dean in the University of the Future” dealt with these issues.
It was held on
The conference – organised together with the
DIES-programme of the DAAD – is part of the KORFU research programme that is
funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and
administered by the
This Conference Proceedings report the edited versions of the 23 most important findings of the conference as well as the Conference Communiqué.
Martin Büscher, Michael Quante, in collaboration with Dominik Düber and Edgar Wehmeier:
Discovering, Reflecting and Balancing Values: Ethical Management in Vocational Education Training
Wirtschafts- und Unternehmensethik,
hrsg. von Th. Beschorner, A. Brink, M. Schmidt, W. Schmidt, O. J. Schumann, Band 23,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München,. Mering 2014, 164 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-873-0 (print), € 22.80
ISBN 978-3-86618-973-7 (e-book pdf), € 19.99
Ethics is everywhere! Ethics needs communication!
Ethics sharpens your profile! To make this clear, the professional education
concept “ProEthics” leads to discovering, reflecting and balancing values in
vocational education training. It takes up situations from daily professional
life and identifies their ethical dimensions. It has been shaped by the
cooperation of European institutions of vocational
training and universities representing an interdisciplinary cooperation of
ethics and economics. The European Commission supported a two year project
that brought experts from
Key words: Value Management, Business Ethics, Communication, Virtues, Ethical Reasoning, Responsibility, Value Conflicts, Practical Ethics, Value Formation, Structures of Values
Sarah Elisabeth Schmelzer-Roldán:
The Impact of Electricity Sector Privatisation on Employees in
Labor and Globalization, edited by
Christoph Scherrer, Vol. 3,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München u. Mering 2014, 249 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-394-0, € 27.80
This book investigates country-specific responses to
privatisation by examining two of the most important Latin American examples of
the 1990s, the Argentine and the Brazilian programmes, and one essential public
service sector, electricity. In doing so, it aims to: identify the impact of privatisation
on electricity sector employees in
Key words: Privatisation, neoliberal reforms, electricity sector, labour relations, historical institutionalism, regulatory framework
Christa Larsen, Sigrid Rand, Alfons Schmid, Eugenia Atin, Raquel Serrano (Eds.):
Shifting Roles and Functions of Regional and Local Labour Market Observatories Across
Over the years, regional and local labour market observatories have provided reliable and targeted labour market information and intelligence for regional and local decision-makers. Recent developments show that they are increasingly expected to fulfil tasks beyond mere data provision and analysis. Hence, they are emerging as interpreters, evaluators and mediators in regional and local governance and development efforts. Their participation in the planning, implementation and evaluation processes creates spaces for new alliances, cooperations and networks. However, the observatories often lack essential resources for fulfilling their complex new tasks.
Stable sources of financing and employees with a solid
and up-to-date skills base are essential for regional and local observatories
to meet the new requirements. However, acknowledging their contribution to
regional and local governance and development processes as well as adequate
opportunities for exchange with different actors across
How do the changing framework conditions affect the functions of regional and local labour market observatories? To what extent do shifts in their roles take place? Which patterns of changes can be observed across different European countries? How stable are the new arrangements and where do the observatories need support? This publication explores the shifts in the roles and functions of regional and local labour market observatories in different European countries as well as the framework conditions influencing their operating and further development.
Key words: Regional Labour Market, Labour Market Observatories, Shifting Roles of Regional/Local Labour Market Observatories, Regional/Local Labour Market Strategy
Kerry Brown, John Burgess, Marion Festing, Susanne
Resources and Competitive Advantage in Clusters
Internationale Personal- und Strategieforschung,
hrsg. von Marion Festing und Susanne Royer, Band 13,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München u. Mering 2013, 233 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-865-5 (print), € 27.80
ISBN 978-3-86618-965-2 (e-book pdf), € 24.99
This book series on research in international human
resource management and strategy is designed to stimulate discussions on
current developments in these disciplines. The scope of this series reflects
the importance of the fields of strategy and human resource management in the
international environment of a globalised world. Both fields have the potential
to contribute essentially to the description and explanation of competitive
advantage realisation, performance issues and to achieving other corporate
goals and objectives. Therefore, these areas need attention in research as well
as in practice. This series will focus on the latest research results in this
field. This volume consists of a series of research articles divided into two
sections. Part 1 examines the policy dimensions of clusters across
Re-Framing Trade. Union Mobilisation against the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
Labor and Globalization, edited by
Christoph Scherrer, Vol. 1,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München u. Mering 2013, 237 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-392-6, € 27.80
Given the substantial and increasing encroachment of trade agreements into almost every aspect of economic and social life, there is a pressing need for research that provides a more coherent framework for understanding the source and effectiveness of organised labour’s power and capacity to influence international trade policy.
Taking the union protests against the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) as a case study, this research uses core concepts derived from social movement theory to analyse the opportunities that existed for unions to influence these trade negotiations and their capacity to identify and take advantage of such opportunities. Importantly, it adds a power analysis designed to reveal the sources of power that unions draw on to take action.
The research demonstrates that even where unions faced considerable constraints they were able to re-frame trade issues in a way that built broad support for their position and to utilise opportunities in the trade negotiation process to mobilise resistance against the GATS and further liberalisation of services.
The theoretical framework developed for the research provides conceptual tools that can be developed for improving strategic campaign planning and for analytical assessment of past campaigns.
The theoretical framework developed for this research has potential for further application as an analytical and strategic planning tool for unions.
Melisa R. Serrano, Edlira Xhafa (Eds.):
The Pursuit of Alternatives. Stories of Peoples’ Economic and Political Struggles Around the World
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München,
Mering 2012, 237 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-390-2, € 19.80
Stories of peoples’ struggles across the globe are testaments to their determination to resist exploitation and injustice, and to imagine and construct their own narratives of economic and political difference. These stories of emancipatory moments demonstrate that something radically different in terms of dominant socio-economic relations and mental conceptions of the world may arise out of and beyond capitalism. The Pursuit of Alternatives: Stories of Peoples’ Economic and Political Struggles Around the World presents a fresh and new perspective on how the ‘process of becoming’ alternatives might take place based on peoples’ lived experiences. The chapters here, by labour activists and academics, explore how various forms of peoples’ economic and political initiatives and struggles in six countries – Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Nigeria, the Philippines, and South Korea – might become ‘actually existing’ spaces and moments for the development of critical consciousness and transformative capacities which are both central in challenging the dominant social, economic and political relations. The stories in this book bring to light today’s language of peoples’ struggles; what inspires people to create their own emancipatory moments and spaces for transformative self-change. While this book does not aim to propose an alternative to capitalism per se, it makes a stimulating contribution to the continuing debate on what alternatives to capitalist relations and arrangements might look like by grounding these alternatives in the everyday lives and struggles of workers, women, aboriginal peoples, the unemployed, and the poor.
Knowledge Transfer and Innovation for a Western Multinational Company in Chinese and Indian Technology Clusters. Identification of local and firm’s knowledge transfer mechanisms to develop successful innovations
hrsg. von Thomas R. Hummel, Band 26,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München, Mering 2012, 324 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-802-0 (print), € 32.80
ISBN 978-3-86618-902-7 (e-book pdf), € 29.99
Compared to local and global Asian competitors,
Western Multinational Companies struggle to offer successful innovations in
emerging markets. This research aims to define, understand and explain the
specific knowledge transfer mechanisms at the
local level compared to Western Countries and how Western Companies
integrate knowledge coming from a culturally different environment internally.
The research focuses on four clusters in
Tade W. Peters:
Internationale Personal- und Strategieforschung,
hrsg. von Marion Festing und Susanne Royer, Band 10,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München, Mering 2012, 251 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-672-9 (print), € 27.80
ISBN 978-3-86618-772-6 (e-book pdf), € 24.99
Forming alliances is a key strategy for firms entering emerging economies. Business opportunities for market entrants are promising and challenging at the same time. Promising because the rapid economic growth provides opportunities to tap new market potentials and challenging because emerging economies display dynamic and complex host environments for inter-firm cooperation. Prospected benefits of alliance strategies are often not realized or insufficient. High failure rates or weak performance are indicators for the inherent complexity that the formation and operation of international alliances entails.
This book introduces a resource-based and
agency-theoretic perspective on alliance formation analyzing factors that
influence the potential to realize competitive advantages through inter-firm
cooperation. It presents a framework that integrates (inter)organizational and
strategy research in order to investigate determinants of the alliance
formation process of partner selection and alliance configuration in the
distinct setting of emerging economies. The proposed framework is matched with
empirical findings on the basis of a case study on alliances between small and
medium-sized firms from industrialized countries and firms from
Key words: alliance formation, alliance governance, emerging economies, resource-based view, relational view, agency theory
Christa Larsen, Ruth Hasberg, Alfons Schmid, Eugenia
Atin, Jan Brzozowski (Eds.):
Skills Monitoring in European Regions and Localities. State of the Art and Perspectives
Transparency on the supply and demand of skills in a
locality or region is crucial for employees, unemployed, training and placement
organisations, as well as for enterprises and labour politics as all of these
actors are influential for effective skills matching. In recent years, in
numerous regions across
The Innovative Capacity of an Aging Workforce
Personal- und Organisationsökonomik,
hrsg. von Uschi Backes-Gellner, Matthias Kräkel und Kerstin Pull, Band 24,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München, Mering 2011, 193 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-618-7 (print), € 27.80,
ISBN 978-3-86618-718-4 (e-book pdf), € 24.99
In times of sweeping demographic changes, policy makers and business executives in mature economies perceive workforce aging as one potential threat to the capacity for innovation and technological progress. However, evidence for age-dependency in innovative performance is still scarce. Pressing questions in this context are for example:
- Does workforce age affect the innovative capacity of firms and regions, and if so, how and through which transmission channels do these effects occur?
- What are the sources of possible age-dependency in innovative performance, in particular with respect to innovation-relevant human capital?
- What are the policy implications of the interplay between workforce age and the capacity to produce technological advances in times of future workforce aging?
Starting from a comprehensive survey and critical discussion of existing studies about the interplay between workforce age and innovation, this book suggests a new conceptual framework to study the age-dependency of innovation. Based on this, three empirical studies investigate how the age composition of a workforce affects inventive performance in European regions, to what extent certain staffing patterns experienced by German firms boost innovative performance and how a region’s entrepreneurial capacity relates to the age composition of its working-age population.
Christoph Scherrer (Ed.):
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München, Mering 2011, 229 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-387-2, € 27.80
The Honda workers’ strike in 2010 attracted world wide
attention. It was one of thousands of labor disputes that happen every year in
The various contributors to this volume share the view that the Chinese party-state takes the protest against social inequality seriously. It has enacted many laws aimed at channeling dissatisfaction into safe channels. The implementation of these laws, however, lags behind and these laws do not include the right of freedom of association. Without this right, super-exploitation will persist and the system of labor relations will remain prone to eruptive forms of protest.
The first part of the book provides an overview of the
economic context of Chinese labor relations, the transformation of
class-relations, the evolution of labor law, and government policies intended
to set a wage floor. Based on extensive field research,
the second part looks at the evolution of labor relations at the
industry level. In the third part, the
focus shifts to the Corporate Social Responsibility agenda in
Among the contributors are Hansjörg Herr (
Kerry Brown, John Burgess, Marion Festing &
Susanne Royer (Eds.):
Value Adding Webs and Clusters. Concepts and Cases
Internationale Personal- und Strategieforschung,
hrsg. von Marion Festing und Susanne Royer, Band 5,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München, Mering 2010, 190 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-491-6 (print), € 24.80,
ISBN 978-3-86618-591-3 (e-book pdf), € 22.99
This book series on research in international human resource management and strategy is designed to stimulate discussions on current developments in these disciplines. The scope of this series reflects the importance of the fields of strategy and human resource management in the international environment of a globalised world. Both fields have the potential to contribute essentially to the description and explanation of competitive advantage realisation, performance issues and to achieving other corporate goals and objectives. Therefore, these areas need attention in research as well as in practice. This series will focus on the latest research results in this field.
This volume consists of concepts and cases from research in the field of industry clusters by different authors. The aim of this book is to undertake an in-depth exploration of the topic of industry clustering from both management and policy perspectives. The book examines clustering from the standpoint of the single firm in the cluster and, in so doing, derives a novel formulation of clusters as comprising single firms with surrounding concomitant chains of relationships with suppliers, other similar firms and, institutions of government and its agencies. Because of the resources that then can be attributed to firms within the cluster, the resultant conceptualisation of industry clusters is called value adding webs. It is contended that these then develop as a series of overlapping value adding webs forming an industry cluster. The concept is elaborated and applied to different cluster cases in this book.
Early Internationalizers. Specificity, Learning and Performance Implications
Empirische Personal- und Organisationsforschung,
hrsg. von Dorothea Alewell, Rüdiger Kabst, Albert Martin, Wenzel Matiaske, Werner Nienhüser, Florian Schramm, Wolfgang Weber, Band 34,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München u. Mering 2008, 193 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-246-2, € 24.80
Aspects of internationalization found widespread interest in academic research. However, research attention has largely focussed on prominent large firms. Compared to research on multinational enterprises the state of knowledge about the internationalization of entrepreneurial companies is limited so far. In order to contribute to research in this particular field, the dissertation focuses on an empirical examination of the internationalization process of early internationalizing firms. This phenomenon of young firms venturing into foreign market right from inception raises several questions:
How is it possible that young firms venture into foreign markets and manage to cope with the challenges of internationalization at such an early stage in their life cycles?
How are young firms able to learn how to handle the liabilities of foreignness before and after foreign market entry?
How does an early internationalization behavior impact the performance of the firm?
Elaborating on these research questions, the overall aim of this work is to contribute to a deeper understanding of the internationalization process of early internationalizing firms by studying the driving forces of this phenomenon, the learning behavior of early internationalizing firms and the effects on the firms’ performance using different theoretical and methodological approaches.
Key words: Early Internationalization, Learning, Asset Specificity, Technology Firms
Cultural Adjustment of Expatriates. Theoretical Concepts and Empirical Studies
Nürnberger Edition zum
hrsg. von Dirk Holtbrügge und Helmut Haussmann, Band 3,
Rainer Hampp Verlag, München u. Mering 2008, 167 S.,
ISBN 978-3-86618-279-0, € 22.80
The cultural adjustment of expatriates to their host country is an important condition for a successful expatriation. This applies to the expatriates themselves as well as to their families. While the practical relevance of this aspect of foreign delegations in undoubted, there is still a lack of knowledge of those factors which might improve and which might restrain cultural adjustment. Similarly, little is known about the consequences of successful cultural adjustment.
This edited volume contains eight chapters which analyze different aspects of cultural adjustment. A detailed state-of-the-art review is followed by seven empirical studies of different antecedents and consequences of this phenomenon. Two chapters are written in English and six in German language. All contributions originate in various research projects at the Department of International Management at the Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg.
Key words: Foreign Delegations, Expatriate Adjustment, International Human Resource Management